Does the company enjoy an Economic Moat?
Updated: May 11
An advantage that the company enjoys in comparison with the competition.
What is an Economic Moat?
A term given by Warren Buffett means that there is some competitive advantage that a company enjoys. Traditionally a castle would be surrounded by water with deadly animals including crocodiles, piranhas, etc. so that enemies could not enter the castle. The same concept is applied to businesses. An advantage that the company enjoys in comparison with the competition. An Economic Moat keeps the competition at bay.
One of the ways to understand whether a company enjoys a competitive advantage is to look at the return on invested capital. If a company generates ROIC substantially higher than its cost or on a sustainable basis ROIC > 15% per annum, there is some competitive advantage.
What can be the source of competitive advantage?
Strong brand leading to customer loyalty – Nestle India
Patents – Google
Wide distribution network or service network – ITC
Switching costs – Microsoft Excel
Proximity to key raw materials and markets – UltraTech Cement
Cost advantages due to scale – Dmart
How can an economic advantage fade away?
Disruptive competition – Jio vs Airtel
Drastic regulatory change – Price cap during the pandemic on certain pharma companies
Capital misallocation by the management – Airtel buying Zain Telecom’s Africa assets
Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related documents carefully before investing.
The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory.
Registration granted by SEBI, membership of BASL (in case of IAs) and certification from NISM in no way guarantee performance of the intermediary or provide any assurance of returns to investors.
Details of the advisor
Advisor: Ankur Kapur
SEBI RIA No.: INA100001406
BASL Member ID: BASL1337